Think Like an Expert——美国工程院院士David C. Wisler
主讲人:美国工程院院士David C. Wisler
作为一名莘莘学子或教育工编辑，你是否期待将来能够成为一名行业专家？但是在成为一名行业专家之前，更重要的是要学会“Think Like an Expert”，为了让大家对于“Think Like an Expert”有更深入的理解与认识，能源与环境工程学院特邀请了美国工程院院士David C. Wisler分享“Learn to Think Like an Expert”的经验与看法。讲座具体信息如下：
Notice that the title reads “learn to think like an expert”, not “be an expert”, although the latter is sound advice also.
“I concentrate on learning to think like an expert because this skill precedes being an expert and will reap vast rewards in the future. You won’t be an expert upon graduation, but you can learn to think like one.”
Understanding expertise and how experts differ from novices in storing, retrieving and using information provides insight into the nature of thinking and problem solving and shows what successful learning looks like. This is more than having a lot of knowledge about a subject.
Experts have a well-organized structure for storing and recalling knowledge that affects what they notice, how they organize new knowledge and how they represent and interpret information. This in turn affects their ability to remember, reason and solve problems.
Unfortunately, engineering students are rarely taught the skills needed to reason and think critically like an expert would think. Too often they are taught to memorize formulas and procedures, apply the best computer program and ‘plug and chug’ for solutions.
Having participated in many design projects, design boards, and project analysis meetings, Dr. Wisler have seen ‘thinking like an expert’ put into action even by engineers evaluating problems that are not in their field of expertise.
This seminar provides insights needed for teachers and students to develop the skill of thinking like an expert.
Dr. Wisler’s distinguished career at GE Aviation spanned 38-years, during which he conducted and managed advanced technology programs. He is recognized as an international expert in turbomachinery aerodynamics technology. His work to improve airfoil shapes and understand the complex flow fields in the rotating components of gas turbine engines has been instrumental in reducing loses (reducing fuel burn) and improving performance.
After retiring from GE, he joined the MIT CDIO Initiative to revitalize engineering education worldwide. Dr. Wisler is currently a Subject Matter Expert for the Office of Naval Research. He is:
A member of the US National Academy of Engineering
Elected to the GE Aviation Hall of Fame
A past Sr. vice-president and fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Editor of ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
An Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
The only three-time winner of ASME’s Melville Medal(best paper in all 17 ASME technical divisions), winner of two IGTI Gas Turbine Awards for best paper of the year, and ASME’s Aircraft Engine Technology Award and R. Tom Sawyer Award
David C. Wisler, PhD
Member of the US National Academy of Engineering
Senior Scientist of GE Aviation, retired
Elected to GE Aviation Propulsion Hall of Fame
Vice-President of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)
Associate Fellow of the AIAA
Editor-in-Chief and Editor for J. Eng. Gas. Turb.
Guest Professor, Tsinghua University